Research shows that two large meals of breakfast and lunch are better than six small meals with the same number of total calories in a day for diabetics. Two larger meals actually help control weight and blood sugar for those with type 2 diabetes. The research was conducted by Dr. Hana Kahleová and colleagues of the Diabetes Centre, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic and was published in the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes Diabetologia.
What the researchers found was that body weight was reduced in both regimens. However a bit more (-3.7kg) was lost in B2 than A6 (-2.3kg). Liver fat content also decreased more in the B2 group. Similarly, fasting plasma glucose and C-peptide levels also decreased more in the B2 regime, but increased in the A6 group. Moreover, oral glucose insulin sensitivity increased for both diets, but more for B2. No adverse events were found in either of the regimes.
What did the authors conclude? That eating only breakfast and lunch such as in the B2 diet is better than the same caloric restriction split into 6 meals as in the A6 diet. Those who ate 2 large meals only per day reduced their body weight, fat content in their livers, fasting blood glucose, C-peptide and glucagon, and increased their insulin sensitivity more so than those who ate 6 small meals per day. They add that therapy strategies should focus on the frequency and timing on top of the energy and macronutrient content of food. Before they are able to offer recommendations of meal frequency, further larger, long-term research is essential in the future.
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